Here at Livestock Wx we’re keeping an eye on weather and crop conditions across the primary corn belt.
Let’s review the status of Midwest agriculture as we head closer to the end of the 2019 growing season. For the entire corn belt, the past 30-days have averaged within the top third hottest on record. However, the past 2- and 3-month periods indicate readings close to normal.
Spatially, the eastern corn belt has been unusually hot (yellow) this growing season and the west, likely due to enhanced clouds and rain, has averaged below normal (green).
Rainfall – Emerging Dryness East – Plenty of Rain West
For the entire corn belt, statistics indicate above normal rainfall over the growing season, especially early in the season, during May.
More recently, over the past 30-days, the core of the corn belt has been unusually dry (yellow) receiving 2 to 4 inches less rainfall than normal.
Due to recent rainfall deficits, significant parts of Iowa and the eastern corn belt are classified within D0 (abnormallly dry) or D1 (moderate drought).
Crop Progress and Condition
Highly variable weather conditions this growing season have provided both positive and negative production impacts.
Western Corn Belt – Middle of the Pack
Current crop conditions over most of the western corn belt are close to the 5-year average. The red line indicates the percent of corn rated good or excellent.
Rainfall has maintained adequate soil moisture through the summer months.
Central Corn Belt – Lagging
Crop conditions across Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri are well below average.
These areas have been impacted by significant rainfall anomalies, including an unusually-wet spring and recent dry conditions.
Eastern Corn Belt – Hard Hit
Crop condition over the eastern corn belt is the worst over at least the past 5 years.
These areas have been severely-impacted by saturated spring fields which resulted in planting delays and more recently by the development of drought.